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Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation at Alpha Frequency Reduces Pain When the Intensity of Pain is Uncertain

The experience of pain is highly subjective and influenced by a variety of factors including cognition, emotions, and context.35,48 These factors can exert their influence during pain but also before pain onset, as illustrated by the phenomenon of placebo analgesia where an expectation of pain relief is followed by lower pain ratings.25,57 Pain experience is also affected by uncertainty about the intensity of upcoming pain. Uncertainty leads to higher reported pain intensity,31,45 higher reported anxiety,45 and stronger capture of attention.

Transcranial Alternating Current Stimulation at Alpha Frequency Reduces Pain When the Intensity of Pain is Uncertain

Orginally Published At: Pain Journal

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The Psychometric Properties of the FLACC Scale Used to Assess Procedural Pain.

• The FLACC scale is reliable and sensitive to procedural pain in young children• The FLACC scale may not be specific for procedural pain assessment• Circumstances of procedure interfere with application of the FLACC scale

The Psychometric Properties of the FLACC Scale Used to Assess Procedural Pain.

Orginally Published At: Pain Journal

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Chronic Pain, TBI, and PTSD in Military Veterans: A Link to Suicidal Ideation and Violent Impulses?

Approximately 50% of U.S. military veterans experience chronic pain, making it one of the most common health complaints among this population.3,44,71 Rates of chronic pain are particularly high for U.S. veterans of Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF), Operation Iraqi Freedom (OIF), and Operation New Dawn (OND).28,58 Chronic pain symptoms in this cohort are often comorbid with psychiatric conditions such as depression,64 substance use disorders,16 and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Chronic pain in U.S.

Chronic Pain, TBI, and PTSD in Military Veterans: A Link to Suicidal Ideation and Violent Impulses?

Orginally Published At: Pain Journal