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The opportunity to avoid pain may paradoxically increase fear

It is commonly accepted that pain can occur in the absence of apparent tissue damage, which is often the case in chronic pain17. Furthermore, beliefs and expectations can influence the experience of pain1. The fear-avoidance model of chronic pain provides a cognitive-behavioural explanation on how acute pain may turn into chronic pain, and how pain and disability may be maintained34,35. The model emphasizes how catastrophic (mis)interpretation of pain elicits pain-related fear that in turn may spur avoidance behaviour leading to chronic pain disability.

The opportunity to avoid pain may paradoxically increase fear

Orginally Published At: Pain Journal

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